Morality and Spirituality are two Distinct Phenomena
A few days back a story drew media’s attention the most. A woman called her paramour to her house and in the evening when they both were making love she triggered a bullet into him. Police came and arrested the woman claiming that she broke a law by killing a person and she would be punished accordingly. Some neighbours said that it was highly immoral to spend time with one’s paramour by the time they are not committed to each other. Others said that it was not ethical to call a person to your home and kill him in the name of love. Pujari Ji said that the religion was going to sink if such love relations would be fostered to kill others.
By the evening this matter became the centre of discussion of the entire neighbourhood and then the whole locality. Everyone was expressing same or similar views. In the evening a small boy came and turned the tables just upside down. He solved every thing. He said that every one of those critiques was so despaired because the inhabitants of that colony, including the critiques were not spiders. The entire problem was there because that was a society of homo sapience and not of the six legged web weaving insect.
there is a spider called
‘Redback Spider’. In the mating season when the male comes to the female and
starts copulation, the female eats up that male by the time this copulation is
complete. No police come and arrest that female nor does it hurt any morality
or ethics or religion of spiders. Even no adverse comment is heard from any
corner because there is no crisis of any value established by spider’s society.
There is no violation of any norm established by the group of learneds. Australia
Right from the beginning, the societies used to lay down and then approve some practices to meet the requirement of Minimum Friction Within. These societies then laid down the standards of ‘good’ and ‘bad’, ‘right’ and ‘wrong’, ‘proper’ and ‘improper’ etc. All these were meant for the smooth working of that society. Some societies laid down the moral code of conduct for the slaves also. It was highly immoral for a slave to have an eye on his master’s wealth or woman. In some societies like old Hindu and traditional Muslim it was highly immoral and unethical for a woman to violate her husband’s wish. However in some other societies e.g. trained and nurtured in the modern western values such morality in itself is highly immoral because it violates the equal status of women.
Hence in a given society only those values and norms are moral and ethical which are in the better interest of that society. A society always tries to live as long as possible. This is a bid of survival of a society as a unity. In doing so it makes choices between the beneficial and detrimental to the objectives set out by it. It regulates the behaviours of its subjects. It requires its members to follow a set of practices. This practice is the morality of that society. For eventualities, when under new and unprecedented circumstances such practice is not available as recommended, that society lays down some criteria also to be guided with. This set of criteria is called the ethics.
‘Ram steals bread’ shows a moral violation. Morality is violated. This action is not in conformity with the society which had laid down the moral ‘do not steal’. ‘Ram fed a starving person’. The morality is uplifted. It is in conformity with the moral ‘Help the needy ones’, ‘feed the hungry ones’, ‘save other’s life’. But sometimes “Ram steals bread to feed a starving person”. Here is a conflict within morals. The problem is resolved by having resort to the criterion provided by the ethics.
The morality, the ethics and the practices recommended by them are to regulate the behaviour of an individual towards others. These others may be the other members of the same society or the members of some others societies.
Subsequently societies developed their political set ups also to evolve new practices; enforce them and also punish for their violation. This branch assumed the name of the law and law Courts.
But this all including the morality, the ethics and the law were only to regulate the outer behaviour of a subject. This is all external; imposed from outside; enforced from outside and observed from outside. No society or system will object to your most contrary beliefs and notions so long as your external conduct is in conformity with its morals or laws. The societies have nothing to do with your internal fabric. They are in expectations of your external conduct to be in conformity with their practices – the morals or the ethics or the laws.
All morals, ethics and laws presuppose the existence of others. This existence of others is independent of anyone else in the society. The morals, ethics and the laws are all Bipolar Processes. It envisages YOU the doer and those OTHERS who would face the result of your deeds. These morals, ethics and the laws are the bridges bridging the individuals. For all the morals, ethics and the laws (hereinafter these will collectively be termed as External Trio) the existence of plurality of individuals is an essence. Without a plurality and the interconnections amongst that plurality this External Trio is void ab initio. It is meaningless. It loses its worth.
Now take the spirituality. But before entering the domain of spirituality the meaning of “Bipolar Process” ought to be made clear. This “Bipolar Process” was discussed in the preceding paragraphs while dealing with the issue of the External Trio. It was said there that this External Trio is essentially a Bipolar Process involving “You” and “the Others”.
The outside world enters you as sensations through your senses. Your mind processes these sensations and produces information or knowledge for you. All the empirical knowledge has two components. One is the sensation from the outer world and the other is the processed product of your mind.
When the concepts of one person are expressed to others it is through verbal conversation. In all verbal conversations there are generally two elements one relates to the fact regarding the sensation you received through your senses and the other is the mental element provided by your mind. When the facts are in contradistinction to each others a mental element is taken recourse of to overcome the stagnation of contradistinction of facts. “Ram steals bread to feed a starving person” involves two facts (may be moral or legal or ethical) in contradistinction to each other. The matter is resolved by a mental process giving more weight to one fact over the other.
These mental elements embedding the sensations are called thoughts. The thoughts are essentially based on sensations received by your senses. May be, some thoughts appear to be free from the empirical basis. But it is not so.
You may think of an animal with the tail like a horse and the body like a lion. But it is nothing more than a new permutation – combination of your sensation about tail, horse, lion and body etc. Your mind gives these combinations new names as a child gives different names to the different shapes made from the same clay.
Your thoughts are essentially a mixture of ‘you’ and ‘the outer world’. The world is present in your thoughts in the form of raw sensations and you are there as the mental element. All your thoughts are, hence, bipolar. One pole of your thoughts is the crude information in the form of sensation and the other pole is you in the form your mental element. Your all thoughts including morality, ethics and law are mixtures of this bipolar material. Your thoughts are not purely YOU.
You do not exist purely in your thoughts. Your thoughts are not You. Your thoughts are “something” mixed with you. Presently that something is not termed as good or as bad. But that “something” makes outside world flow from outside into you. That “something” facilitates encroachment for the outer world over you. Your thoughts are an ‘encroachment upon you’.
English philosopher David Hume said that he sat into meditation and found nothing as “me” inside him. He found only a train of thoughts flowing from one end to the other. The flow was quite turbulent. No rule of flow was there. Thoughts originated randomly. Lived randomly; and disappeared randomly. At last Hume declared that there was nothing as “me” inside.
The observation of Hume was correct but his conclusion was incorrect. He could not recognize that the reason for his illusion was a psychological habit. He found a train of thoughts inside and concluded that there was nothing beyond that train.
You are born without thoughts. You receive only sensations. As you grow you are taught to give words to those sensations. When these words shroud your sensations they give rise to thoughts. You are brought up with thoughts. You are motivated to create more and more thoughts. This creation of thoughts is then appreciated as your intelligence. You are made to grow in perpetual association with thoughts. In your unawareness you become addicted to your thoughts. You are never told that your thoughts are only a way of interaction with outer world and that you exist beyond your thoughts, and that you exist prior to your thoughts.
What Hume observed as a train of thoughts was only his psychological addiction. Neither he tried to see beyond that addiction nor did anybody lead him beyond that addiction. He remained entangled with his bipolar existence. Most of you also do the same. You find a thought train running inside you. You identify yourself with that thought train. You are appreciated by the outside world and by yourself also for more and more thoughts inside you. You are overshadowed by your thoughts. You take yourself as granted as a cloud of thoughts. You feel satisfied because others appreciate you. This is again bipolar.
You feel satisfied not because you find it a satisfactory state but because others say that you should feel satisfied being shrouded in thoughts. Now you are trapped in the vicious circle of Bipolarity. More you identify yourself with the bipolarity more it encompasses you. More you are encompassed by the bipolarity more you identify yourself with it.
Bipolarity exists only by the time it encompasses you. It makes you believe that you are not you but you are that Bipolarity. Indian school of thoughts called this Bipolarity as Jagat and its encompassing power as Maya.
It may sound new to some readers that the real existence beyond the empirical sensations is possible. But it is the truth. The need is only to uncover (and not to discover) it. By closing your eyes you may try to feel the existence without the sense of viewing. By closing your ears you may try the same for without the sense of hearing. The same can be repeated for other senses taken one or more at a time. People generally ask if it is possible to exist without all five senses and the sixth one the mind. To such people it is explained that it is all possible. You daily exist without your senses during your REM sleep (dreams). Likewise you go beyond this state and exist without your senses and even without mind in your deep sleep. You can exist, initially for small durations, without your senses and mind.
The Indian school has found a solution and named it Dhyan, Dhaarna and Samaadhi. These are the techniques which liberate you from the encroachment of the outside world. These techniques make you pure from the intrusion of Bipolarity. The methodology used in these techniques, is termed by the Indian scholars as spirituality. The spirituality sifts out the Bipolarity from you and your vision. You start losing your misidentity with the Bipolarity. The spirituality makes you free from the incarceration of Bipolarity. In fact, spirituality is your existence prior to the start of Bipolarity. The spirituality is your existence beyond and untainted with the Bipolarity. It gives you realization regarding the nature of Bipolarity i.e. the Jagat, its encompassing power the Maya.
In bipolarity you exist seeking your image in the eyes of others. Bipolarity is a web of expectations – expectations in you regarding others and expectations of others regarding you. You do things and acts not because of you but because of others. You speak truth not because of you but because of canons. You help others not because it flows from your existence but in expectation of heavens in expectations of reward of beautiful sirens.
In spirituality, you exist untainted. You exist in awareness of your form and substance. You exist without the help of others. You exist in yourself i.e. without an expectation of your being in others. You transcend the bipolarity and exist in unipolarity. Now you are not thoughts but you are an existence. You are not an entity now but you are a part of an infinity; you are an infinity. Here your existence is unipolar. You exist in yourself. You have transcended the bipolarity.
Spirituality is a new concept for the west. New at least, on the level it is being discussed here in this article. One Danah Zohar has propounded her idea on spirituality. She has worked to show that spiritually awakened people perform better not only in the spiritual arena but also in the domain of worldly affairs. She has then given about 12 characteristics of spiritually awakened people i.e. those who have spiritual intelligence. She propounds that spiritually awakened people generally prefer moral way of living. Spiritually awakened people have a holistic view of the problems.
It appears that Danah has read about spirituality but has never been able to attain it. Her effort is misleading as it does not distinguish between the spirituality and morality. It tries to show the morality as a synonym of spirituality and vice versa. She has never realized that it is like inferring the existence of a man from the shawl he wraps over his shoulders. If the spirituality is inferred from the morality then the same spirituality can also be inferred from his lies, cheating and other vices. If the existence of a man is inferred from his shawl then why it is not inferred again from his shirt, gloves or undergarments. Danah has no answer.
It is again proposed here that the spirituality is independent of all other things. It does not require you to be in relation with others. It is a state of existence which starts when everything else ornamental to the existence ceases to be. The spirituality is the essence while the morality is only contingent to it. You may wear different clothes but you remain you. Your existence does not depend on your dress. If you start inferring your existence from your dress then this will also be incorrect. In that case sometimes there would be a scarecrow under the dress and the results would be incorrect. You will be repeating the mistake of Danah Zohar of inferring spirituality of a man from his morality. Better not to do it.
Morality is nothing more than a suitability in a given set of conditions. That’s why different societies have different moralities. Even the same society may have different moralities at different points of time. Had there been a ‘Redback Spider’ critic it would have seen the conduct of the human being highly immoral where the same females copulates with the same male again and again repeatedly. A value highly praised in the human morality would be strongly abhorred by the spiders.
A moral value (and so is the true of the complete External Trio and any thing having worldly meaning) is only contingent to you. Your spirituality is the domain. Everything else is an auxiliary. Only You are the truth.